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Luca Downey 2020-10-22
Trade Signals
A trade signal is an analysis-based purchase or sell trigger. Humans can use technical indicators or mathematical algorithms to analyze market movement, possibly in combination with economic indicators.

Trading signals are based on predetermined criteria to purchase or sell a security.
They can be used to rebalance a portfolio, adjust sector allocations, or open new positions.
Traders can construct trading signals using simple criteria like earnings reports and volume increase, or more complicated ones drawn from existing signals.
Trading Signals
Trade signals can involve multiple inputs. Technical analysis is a primary component, although fundamental analysis, quantitative analysis, economics, sentiment metrics, and trade signal systems may all be inputs. The idea is to give investors and traders a mechanical, emotion-free way to buy and sell securities.

Trade signals can be used to determine whether to buy more of one sector, like as technology, and less of another, such as consumer staples. Bond traders may receive indications to sell one maturity and buy another to change portfolio duration. It can also help allocate money between stocks, bonds, and gold.

A trade signal might be complex. Traders usually use a few inputs. It’s easy to handle a simple signal generator and test it to identify what components need tweaking or replacing.

Too many inputs add complexity that traders can’t afford. Since markets change quickly, complicated techniques may become obsolete before testing is complete.

Signal example
Trade signals often involve speedy in-and-out trading. Some signs are based on reversion and equity dip-buying.

Look for periods when market activity doesn’t match fundamentals. If the market sells off due to fear headlines yet underlying data is good, for example. If their signal says “excellent offer,” traders may buy the dip.

Trading Signals
Traders tend to automate their thoughts when coming up with a trade signal. For a firm with a low price-to-earnings ratio, purchase when a certain technical pattern breaks to the upside and prices are above a certain moving average while interest rates are falling.

Common inputs are listed below. Traders can combine them to suit their selection criteria.

Technical pattern break. Triangles, rectangles, head-and-shoulders, trendlines.
Average crossover. Most investors observe 50- and 200-day moving averages, although others are used. When trading crosses the average, that’s an input. Or two averages crossing.
Increased volume. High volume often precedes a market change. Futures use open interest.
Finances. Rate fluctuations can affect stock and commodity markets.
Volatility. As with other indicators, volatility extremes can trigger market shifts.
Cycles. All markets fluctuate throughout time, whether they’re trending or not. The seasonal stock cycle—sell in May and go away—can assist evaluate if a strategy is in the good or weak half of the year.
Extreme feelings According to surveys or trading activity, excessive bullishness might signal market tops. Extreme bearishness can cause market bottoms.
Valuation. A high value relative to the market, sector, or stock can imply a sell.

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